Explore the legacy of Emilio Aguinaldo, the First President Of The Philippines, and his role in the nation's quest for sovereignty.

Who was the first president of the Philippines? Many may think they know the answer, but do you truly understand the impact this Filipino leader had on the nation? Dive into the history of the Philippine presidency and discover the remarkable legacy of Emilio Aguinaldo.

Key Takeaways:

  • Emilio Aguinaldo played a crucial role in the Philippines’ quest for sovereignty.
  • He led the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule and declared the country’s independence.
  • Aguinaldo’s collaboration with the United States and controversies surrounding his actions sparked debates.
  • His influence on Filipino politics and contributions to the Philippine Independence Movement shaped the nation’s future.
  • Aguinaldo’s legacy serves as a reminder of the Filipino people’s resilience and bravery in their fight for freedom.

Early Life and Career of Emilio Aguinaldo

Emilio Aguinaldo, born on March 22, 1869, in Cavite el Viejo, Philippines, played a pivotal role in the revolution against Spanish colonization. His unwavering commitment to the cause of Philippine independence marked him as a prominent leader during a time of great turmoil.

From a young age, Aguinaldo showed immense potential as a leader and quickly became involved in politics. He recognized the oppressive nature of Spanish rule and was determined to lead his people towards freedom and sovereignty.

Aguinaldo’s career in the fight for independence began with his participation in the revolution against Spain. He joined forces with other Filipino patriots, and through his bravery and strategic expertise, he quickly rose through the ranks to become a key figure in the movement.

“The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall.” – Emilio Aguinaldo

Aguinaldo’s leadership skills and unwavering dedication made him a formidable force against the Spanish colonizers. He led numerous battles, including the notable Battle of Imus and the Battle of Binakayan-Dalahican, showcasing his tactical brilliance and inspiring fellow revolutionaries to fight for their freedom.

Early Life and Education

Prior to his involvement in the revolution, Aguinaldo had a relatively modest upbringing. He hailed from a prominent family in Cavite, which allowed him access to education and exposure to influential circles. His upbringing, combined with his natural leadership abilities, provided the foundation for his future political career.

Aguinaldo studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran and later pursued his education at the University of Santo Tomas. Although he did not complete his studies due to the outbreak of the revolution, his time at these institutions further sharpened his intellect and broadened his perspective.

Inspiring a Nation

Aguinaldo’s contributions to the revolution against Spain ignited a sense of national pride and unity among the Filipino people. His unwavering determination and charismatic leadership inspired countless individuals to join the cause and fight for the independence of their beloved country.

Throughout his career, Aguinaldo strove to ensure that the revolution against Spain was not in vain. His vision for an independent Philippines resonated with his fellow countrymen and galvanized them into action. Together, they fought passionately, facing countless challenges, until their efforts finally culminated in the declaration of Philippine independence.

Key Highlights: Revolution against Spain Independence from colonization
Birthdate: March 22, 1869
Role: Revolutionary Leader First President of the Philippines
Notable Battles: Battle of Imus, Battle of Binakayan-Dalahican
Legacy: Inspiration for future generations of Filipino patriots Served as a symbol of courage and determination in the quest for independence

Emilio Aguinaldo's Role in the Philippine Revolution

Emilio Aguinaldo, the first president of the Philippines, played a crucial role in the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule. As a leader of the Philippine Revolutionary Army, he spearheaded various battles that contributed to the success of the revolution.

One of the notable conflicts led by Aguinaldo was the Battle of Imus, where the Filipino forces dealt a significant blow to the Spanish troops, resulting in a strategic victory. This battle not only showcased Aguinaldo’s strategic prowess but also boosted the morale of the Filipino revolutionaries.

Battles Led by Emilio AguinaldoDate
Battle of ImusSeptember 3, 1896
Battle of Binakayan-DalahicanNovember 9-11, 1896

Another important engagement in which Aguinaldo played a pivotal role was the Battle of Binakayan-Dalahican. In this battle, the Filipino forces, under Aguinaldo’s command, successfully repelled the Spanish troops, further bolstering the revolution’s progress.

Aguinaldo’s steadfast determination and leadership qualities earned him the respect and admiration of his comrades-in-arms. His ability to strategize and inspire his troops paved the way for the Philippines’ eventual liberation from Spanish colonization.

“The freedom of our country is the culmination of the sacrifices made by all the Filipino heroes, including Emilio Aguinaldo.”

Emilio Aguinaldo’s role in the Philippine Revolution cannot be understated. His contributions to the cause of independence continue to be celebrated, and his legacy as a revolutionary leader lives on in the hearts of the Filipino people.

Declaration of Philippine Independence

On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo made history by proclaiming the independence of the Philippines from Spanish rule. This momentous occasion marked the birth of the Revolutionary Government and the establishment of the First Philippine Republic. Aguinaldo, assuming the role of the President, became the face of the Filipino people’s aspirations for self-governance and sovereignty.

The declaration of Philippine independence was a defining moment for the nation, symbolizing the triumph of the Filipino spirit and the long-awaited realization of freedom. It signaled the end of centuries of Spanish colonization and the dawn of a new era for the Filipino people.

Declaration of Philippine Independence
Event Date
Declaration of Philippine Independence June 12, 1898
Establishment of the Revolutionary Government June 23, 1898
Inauguration of the First Philippine Republic January 23, 1899

Emilio Aguinaldo’s declaration of Philippine independence laid the foundation for the Filipino people’s struggle for self-determination and paved the way for the establishment of a democratic government. Inspired by the ideals of liberty and justice, the First Philippine Republic envisioned a nation that would protect its citizens’ rights and pursue progress in all aspects of society.

“The task projected.. is the most arduous in which any people can engage.”

The Challenges Ahead

The birth of the First Philippine Republic did not come without challenges. The country faced political instability, economic difficulties, and territorial conflicts. Despite these obstacles, Aguinaldo and his government persevered, laying down the groundwork for future leaders to carry the torch of independence.

The proclamation of Philippine independence was a turning point in the nation’s journey towards self-rule. It represents the courage and determination of the Filipino people, who fought valiantly to assert their rightful place in the world. Emilio Aguinaldo’s leadership during this critical period of history shaped the destiny of the Philippines and ignited a sense of national pride that continues to resonate to this day.

Collaboration with the United States

Despite his initial collaboration with the United States, Emilio Aguinaldo’s relationship with the country turned sour. The Treaty of Paris in 1898 led to the transfer of the Philippines from Spanish rule to American control, sparking the Philippine-American War. Aguinaldo played a significant role in the resistance against American occupation.

Key Events:

  • 1898: The Treaty of Paris marks the transfer of the Philippines from Spain to the United States.
  • 1899-1902: The Philippine-American War ensues, with Emilio Aguinaldo leading the resistance against American forces.
  • Aguinaldo establishes the First Philippine Republic in 1899, but it is short-lived due to American military actions.

Significance:

Emilio Aguinaldo’s collaboration with the United States initially appeared promising, but the transfer of power and the subsequent war strained the relationship between Aguinaldo and the American government. The Philippine-American War led to the loss of Filipino lives and the prolonged American occupation of the Philippines.

“The Filipinos did not ask for war, but the war came unprovoked.”

Resistance and Legacy:

Aguinaldo’s resistance against American occupation demonstrated his unwavering commitment to Philippine independence. Despite the outcome of the war, his efforts paved the way for future generations to strive for self-determination. Aguinaldo’s role in the Philippine-American War continues to be a significant part of his legacy and the history of the Filipino people.

Key Players Emilio Aguinaldo United States
Role Leader of the resistance against American occupation Colonial power seeking to establish control over the Philippines
Objectives Philippine independence and self-governance Establishing American authority and control in the Philippines
Outcomes Short-lived First Philippine Republic American colonization and occupation of the Philippines

Controversies Surrounding Emilio Aguinaldo

Emilio Aguinaldo, the first president of the Philippines, left behind a complex legacy that is not immune to controversy. Throughout history, there have been allegations and debates surrounding his actions and decisions. These controversies have raised questions about Aguinaldo’s role in significant events and his collaboration with various parties.

Alleged Involvement in Deaths

One of the major controversies surrounding Emilio Aguinaldo revolves around his alleged involvement in the deaths of revolutionary leader Andrés Bonifacio and general Antonio Luna. There are claims that Aguinaldo ordered their executions during the Philippine Revolution. These allegations have sparked heated discussions and debates among historians, with differing interpretations of the events surrounding their deaths.

“The controversy surrounding Emilio Aguinaldo’s alleged role in the deaths of Andrés Bonifacio and Antonio Luna remains a topic of intense historical scrutiny and disagreement.”

– Renowned Filipino historian

Collaboration with Japanese Occupation

Another controversy surrounding Emilio Aguinaldo relates to his collaboration with the Japanese during their occupation of the Philippines in World War II. Some sources suggest that Aguinaldo entered into agreements with the Japanese, raising concerns about his allegiance and intentions during this period. These allegations have generated criticism and led to questions about Aguinaldo’s motivations and actions.

In light of these controversies and allegations, Emilio Aguinaldo’s historical legacy remains a subject of ongoing analysis and interpretation. It is important to navigate the complexities of Aguinaldo’s life and consider multiple perspectives in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of his contributions and impact on Philippine history.

Impact on Filipino Politics

Emilio Aguinaldo’s influence on Filipino politics cannot be overstated. As the first president of the Philippines, he played a pivotal role in shaping the political landscape of the nation. Aguinaldo’s presidency marked a significant turning point in Philippine history, establishing the foundation for the Philippine Republic and laying the groundwork for democratic governance.

Under Aguinaldo’s leadership, the principles of democratic governance were embraced, setting a precedent for future leaders to follow. His commitment to democracy and the rule of law inspired the development of institutions that would form the backbone of Filipino politics.

One of the key aspects of Aguinaldo’s influence was his emphasis on national unity and the collective responsibility of Filipino citizens. He recognized the importance of fostering a sense of nationhood among Filipinos and worked towards uniting the diverse regions of the archipelago. This emphasis on unity and inclusiveness remains a key component of Filipino political discourse to this day.

Aguinaldo’s presidency also saw the implementation of social and economic policies aimed at improving the lives of the Filipino people. He prioritized the welfare of the citizens, seeking to address issues such as poverty, education, and healthcare. His commitment to social justice and upliftment resonated with the aspirations of the Filipino populace.

“The love of one’s country is worth more than the love of one’s life.”

The Philippine Republic: A Catalyst for Change

Aguinaldo’s establishment of the Philippine Republic marked a significant milestone in Filipino politics. The republic signaled the birth of a sovereign nation and instilled a sense of national pride among Filipinos. It provided a platform for the expression of Filipino aspirations and set the stage for future leaders to shape the course of the nation.

During his presidency, Aguinaldo faced numerous challenges and decisions that would shape the trajectory of Filipino politics. His ability to navigate through these challenges with integrity and a commitment to the Filipino people solidified his position as a key figure in the nation’s history.

Furthermore, Aguinaldo’s presidency inspired future generations to actively participate in the political process and strive for the betterment of the nation. His legacy continues to influence Filipino politics, with leaders and activists drawing inspiration from his dedication to national sovereignty and his vision for a prosperous and inclusive Philippines.

Influence on Political Ideologies

Aguinaldo’s presidency also had a profound impact on political ideologies within the country. His pursuit of independence from colonization laid the groundwork for a strong sense of nationalism among Filipinos. This nationalism continues to shape political ideologies in the Philippines, with varying interpretations of how best to serve the interests of the nation.

Additionally, Aguinaldo’s presidency encouraged a spirit of progressivism and innovation within Filipino politics. His unwavering commitment to the welfare of the people fostered an environment where ideas for social reform and economic development could thrive.

Impact on Filipino Politics Description
National Unity Aguinaldo emphasized the importance of unity and inclusiveness, fostering a sense of nationhood among Filipinos.
Social and Economic Policies Aguinaldo implemented policies aimed at improving the lives of the Filipino people, addressing issues such as poverty, education, and healthcare.
The Philippine Republic Aguinaldo’s establishment of the Philippine Republic marked the birth of a sovereign nation and provided a platform for the expression of Filipino aspirations.
Influence on Political Ideologies Aguinaldo’s presidency influenced political ideologies in the Philippines, fostering nationalism and encouraging progressive thinking.

Emilio Aguinaldo’s impact on Filipino politics was profound and far-reaching. His presidency laid the foundations for democratic governance, inspired a sense of unity and nationhood, and paved the way for future leaders to shape the political landscape of the Philippines.

Emilio Aguinaldo Influence

Contributions to Philippine Independence Movement

Emilio Aguinaldo’s contributions to the Philippine Independence Movement are significant. His leadership during the Philippine Revolution inspired generations of Filipinos to fight for their freedom and sovereignty. He remains a symbol of courage and determination in the quest for independence.

“The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall.” – Emilio Aguinaldo

Aguinaldo’s strategic prowess and unwavering dedication to the cause of Philippine independence played a crucial role in the success of the revolution. Under his leadership, the Philippine Revolutionary Army achieved significant victories, marking a turning point in the fight against Spanish colonization.

One of his most notable contributions was the establishment of a provisional government, which helped unite various revolutionary factions and pave the way for the declaration of Philippine independence.

Key Contributions:

  • Organizing and leading the Philippine Revolutionary Army
  • Strategically planning and executing successful military campaigns
  • Declaring Philippine independence from Spanish rule
  • Establishing a provisional government to unify revolutionary factions
  • Inspiring and mobilizing Filipinos to join the fight for sovereignty

Emilio Aguinaldo’s bold actions and visionary leadership energized the Philippine Independence Movement and galvanized the Filipino people’s determination to break free from foreign control. His indomitable spirit continues to inspire the nation and serves as a reminder of the resilience and bravery of the Filipino people.

Contributions Impact
Organizing and leading the Philippine Revolutionary Army Successful campaigns against the Spanish forces
Declaring Philippine independence Establishment of the First Philippine Republic
Establishing a provisional government Uniting revolutionary factions
Inspiring and mobilizing Filipinos Heightened resistance against colonial rule

Legacy of Emilio Aguinaldo

Emilio Aguinaldo, a prominent figure in Philippine history, holds a revered position as a national hero in the Philippines. His unwavering leadership and selfless sacrifices in the pursuit of independence have left an indelible mark on the nation and its people.

Aguinaldo’s legacy serves as a powerful reminder of the resilience, courage, and bravery embodied by the Filipino people throughout their struggle for freedom. His contributions have had a profound impact on shaping the course of Philippine history and continue to inspire generations.

“The life of a nation is secure only while the nation is honest, truthful, and virtuous.”

Aguinaldo’s dedication to the ideals of democracy, justice, and progress has inspired countless individuals to continue the fight for a better Philippines. His enduring legacy stands as a testament to the strength and determination of the Filipino nation.

Emilio Aguinaldo’s role as a Philippine national hero serves as a beacon of hope and an embodiment of the Filipino spirit. Recognizing his significant contributions to the Philippine Independence Movement, Aguinaldo’s legacy will forever be etched in the annals of Philippine history.

Key Points:

  • Emilio Aguinaldo is considered a national hero in the Philippines.
  • His leadership and sacrifices in the pursuit of independence have earned him a place in Philippine history.
  • Aguinaldo’s legacy serves as a reminder of the resilience and bravery of the Filipino people.
  • His enduring impact continues to inspire generations in the quest for a better Philippines.

Successors of Emilio Aguinaldo

After Emilio Aguinaldo, several presidents followed in his footsteps, continuing to shape the Philippines’ political landscape. Manuel Roxas, Elpidio Quirino, and other leaders took on the responsibility of governing the nation and guiding it towards progress.

Manuel Roxas emerged as the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. He served from 1946 to 1948 and played a significant role in the country’s transition to self-governance. Roxas prioritized economic recovery and pursued policies aimed at rebuilding the nation after the devastating effects of World War II. His administration focused on infrastructure development, agrarian reform, and the establishment of key institutions that would shape the future of the Philippines.

Elpidio Quirino succeeded Manuel Roxas as the sixth president of the Philippines, serving from 1948 to 1953. Quirino faced numerous challenges during his presidency, including the Hukbalahap insurgency and the reconstruction of war-torn regions. Despite these challenges, Quirino remained committed to fostering social justice and improving the lives of farmers. His agrarian reform programs aimed to uplift the rural population and reduce land inequality. Quirino’s presidency marked a period of continuity and resilience for the Philippines, as the nation continued its path towards progress.

President Years in Office
Manuel Roxas 1946-1948
Elpidio Quirino 1948-1953

Manuel Roxas and Elpidio Quirino

Manuel Roxas: Successor to Emilio Aguinaldo

Manuel Roxas, a distinguished statesman, emerged as the successor to Emilio Aguinaldo, carrying the responsibility of leading the Philippines into a new era of independence and progress. As the first president of the Third Philippine Republic, Roxas worked diligently to shape the country’s early post-independence period, focusing on economic stability and political development.

Roxas’s vision for the Philippines centered around economic recovery and rebuilding a nation scarred by years of colonization and conflict. He implemented policies to attract foreign investments, foster industrialization, and improve infrastructure, laying the foundation for the development of a prosperous and self-reliant Philippines.

“Our ultimate goal is the welfare and happiness of the Filipino people. By working together, we can overcome the challenges we face and build a nation that we can all be proud of.”

Under Roxas’s leadership, the Philippines witnessed significant advancements, including the establishment of the Central Bank of the Philippines, which played a vital role in stabilizing the country’s economy. His commitment to political stability was demonstrated through the successful holding of the first post-war elections, ensuring a peaceful transition of power and cementing the Philippines as a democratic nation.

Roxas’s dedication to public service and his unwavering belief in the Filipino people’s capacity for progress stands as a testament to his enduring legacy. His efforts to cultivate unity and solidarity within the nation have had a lasting impact on Philippine politics and governance, inspiring subsequent leaders to prioritize the well-being and empowerment of the Filipino population.

Key Achievements of Manuel Roxas:

  • Implementation of economic policies promoting industrialization and foreign investments.
  • Establishment of the Central Bank of the Philippines for economic stability.
  • Successful organization of the first post-war elections in the Philippines.

Manuel Roxas’s legacy continues to influence Philippine politics and serves as a guiding light for future leaders. His pursuit of economic recovery, commitment to political stability, and dedication to the Filipino people’s welfare have left an indelible mark on the nation’s history and progress. As we reflect on Roxas’s presidency, we are reminded of the resilience and potential of the Filipino spirit in shaping a brighter future.

Elpidio Quirino: Continuity and Challenges

Elpidio Quirino took over the presidency following the untimely death of Manuel Roxas. As the third president of the Philippines, he faced numerous challenges that tested his leadership and determination to promote progress and stability in the country.

During Quirino’s presidency, one of the major challenges he encountered was the Hukbalahap insurgency. The Hukbalahap, or Huk, was a communist guerrilla movement that aimed to overthrow the government. Quirino implemented various measures to counter the insurgency and maintain peace and order in the Philippines.

Despite the challenges, Elpidio Quirino remained committed to improving the lives of the Filipino people. He focused on agrarian reform, supporting farmers and land redistribution programs. Quirino believed that providing farmers with land and resources would uplift their socio-economic status and contribute to overall national development.

Quirino’s presidency also highlighted his dedication to social justice. He championed initiatives that aimed to address poverty, unemployment, and inequality. His administration established programs that focused on education, healthcare, and social welfare, ensuring that the needs of the most vulnerable sectors of society were addressed.

“Our people have been impoverished by long years of colonization and war. It is our duty to uplift their lives and create a society where everyone can thrive and succeed.”

Elpidio Quirino’s presidency marked a time of both continuity and challenges for the Philippines. Despite the difficulties he faced, he remained committed to the principles of good governance and worked towards building a better future for the Filipino people.

Key Achievements of Elpidio Quirino's Presidency

Education Reform Agrarian Reform Social Welfare Programs
Expanded access to education through the establishment of more schools and scholarships. Implemented land redistribution programs to provide farmers with their own land. Introduced social welfare programs to support the most vulnerable sectors of society.
Improved curriculum to promote skills development and enhance the quality of education. Supported irrigation projects and agricultural modernization to boost farm productivity. Provided assistance to low-income families, including healthcare and housing benefits.
Promoted the training and professional development of teachers to enhance the education system. Encouraged cooperatives and credit programs to empower farmers economically. Established welfare programs for orphans, the elderly, and persons with disabilities.

Conclusion

The first president of the Philippines, Emilio Aguinaldo, was a pioneering Filipino leader who played a crucial role in the Philippine Independence Movement. His unwavering commitment to freedom and his strategic leadership during the Philippine Revolution led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, marking a significant milestone in Filipino history.

Aguinaldo’s legacy as the first president of the Philippines continues to inspire and resonate with the Filipino people. His contributions in shaping Filipino politics and his dedication to the cause of independence serve as a constant reminder of the resilience and bravery of the Filipino spirit.

The impact of Emilio Aguinaldo’s leadership extends beyond his time in office. He laid the foundation for democratic governance in the Philippines and set a precedent for future leaders to follow. His influence on the Philippine Independence Movement remains a testament to the Filipino people’s unwavering determination to fight for their rights and sovereignty.

FAQ

Who was Emilio Aguinaldo?

Emilio Aguinaldo was the first president of the Philippines and played a crucial role in the nation’s quest for sovereignty.

What was Emilio Aguinaldo’s role in the Philippine Revolution?

Emilio Aguinaldo led the Philippine Revolutionary Army and played a significant role in various battles, including the Battle of Imus and the Battle of Binakayan-Dalahican.

When did Emilio Aguinaldo declare the independence of the Philippines?

Emilio Aguinaldo declared the independence of the Philippines from Spanish rule on June 12, 1898.

What was the outcome of Emilio Aguinaldo’s collaboration with the United States?

Emilio Aguinaldo’s collaboration with the United States turned sour, leading to the Philippine-American War.

What controversies surround Emilio Aguinaldo?

There are allegations of his involvement in the deaths of revolutionary leader Andrés Bonifacio and general Antonio Luna. Additionally, his collaboration with the Japanese during World War II has raised concerns and criticism.

How did Emilio Aguinaldo impact Filipino politics?

Emilio Aguinaldo’s influence on Filipino politics is significant. He set the foundation for the Philippine Republic and established principles of democratic governance.

What were Emilio Aguinaldo’s contributions to the Philippine Independence Movement?

Emilio Aguinaldo’s leadership during the Philippine Revolution inspired generations of Filipinos to fight for their freedom and sovereignty.

What is Emilio Aguinaldo’s legacy?

Emilio Aguinaldo is considered a national hero in the Philippines. His leadership and sacrifices in the pursuit of independence have earned him a place in Philippine history.

Who succeeded Emilio Aguinaldo as president of the Philippines?

Manuel Roxas succeeded Emilio Aguinaldo as president of the Philippines.

What was Manuel Roxas’s role in shaping the Philippines?

Manuel Roxas played a crucial role in shaping the country’s early post-independence period and worked towards economic recovery and political stability.

Who assumed the presidency after Manuel Roxas?

Elpidio Quirino assumed the presidency after Manuel Roxas.

What challenges did Elpidio Quirino face during his presidency?

Elpidio Quirino faced numerous challenges, including the Hukbalahap insurgency, but worked towards improving the lives of farmers and promoting social justice.

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wise

Hello! I'm Wise, a Filipina with a deep love for my country and a passion for sharing its beauty with the world. As a writer, blogger, and videographer, I capture the essence of the Philippines through my eyes, hoping to give foreign visitors a true taste of what makes these islands so special.

From the vibrant streets of Manila to the tranquil beaches of Palawan, my journey is about uncovering the hidden gems and everyday wonders that define the Filipino spirit. My articles and blogs are not just travel guides; they are invitations to explore, to feel, and to fall in love with the Philippines, just as I have.

Through my videos, I strive to bring the sights, sounds, and stories of my homeland to life. Whether it's the local cuisine, the colorful festivals, or the warm smiles of the people, I aim to prepare visitors for an authentic experience.

For those seeking more than just a vacation, the Philippines can be a place of discovery and, perhaps, even love. My goal is to be your guide, not just to the places you'll visit, but to the experiences and connections that await in this beautiful corner of the world. Welcome to the Philippines, through my eyes. Let's explore together!

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